Analysis of Gumilyov's poem "The Word". Poems by Nikolai Gumilyov

In 1912, such a movement was born as Acmeism, the central figure of which was Gumilyov. Then he publishes a complete work entitled "Alien Sky", as well as a little later, "Pillar of Fire".

In the final collection, a significant part of the poems was imbued with a greater degree of philosophy and various concepts of many religions. And the work "The Word" was also included in this collection. Although in content it refers to symbolism, but in terms of presentation it resembles the customs of Acmeists.

analysis of the poem word gumilyov

Analysis of the poem "Word" Gumilev

In this poem, he praises the word, necessary for the formulation of thoughts and ideas of man. The poet himself is well aware of various oriental ideological teachings. The famous mantra aum was studied by him flawlessly, for this reason, numerous secrets of the universe were explored.

Since the world was created with such a word, they also called the nature of the Most High. And if we turn to the analysis of the poem “The Word” by Gumilev, then in it he directly compares the following two types of communion with the world: natural, necessary for everyday life, certain radical actions, and spiritual.

Nikolai Gumilyov word

The first is manifested in codes or numbers. There is also a spiritual study that spills directly into the word. The poet writes, observing the same values ​​that honored the great Lermontov and Pushkin. Gumilyov is convinced that only a writer is able to show the people the sacred power of the word. Nikolai Gumilyov in the “Word” rushes to the holy scripture, which is considered the most important collection of books for every self-respecting Christian.

Characteristic features of the poem

The work itself is written in a sublime syllable. When analyzing the poem “The Word” of Gumilyov, one can find quite a few obsolete words (“the same day”, for example), which is very acceptable for the poetry of Russia. It is necessary to understand the sound of such a verse and the tone can decide that you pronounce the mantra.

the theme of the poem is the word gumilyov

The meaning of Gumilev's poem “The Word” is that he tries to find a balance of relationships among the data in these areas.In his brainchild there are many modified assessments that have a strictly conventional meaning: "On this day, when over the world a new god inclined his face."


The writer himself stated that in the absence of symbols there would not have been a flow of acmeists. All this was done because it was a sign of the Silver Age. And his death also foreshadowed the collapse of the enlightened era. Nikolay Gumilyov’s “Word” is one of the key works of the Pillar of Fire collection, and you can find biblical echoes in it. This is a particularly concentrated presentation of Scripture.

on that day when over the world a new god inclined his face

When analyzing the poem “The Word” by Gumilev, it can be noted that the opposition is used in it, it is built on two visible connotation points: on the word and the figure. The latter, of course, is connected to the darkness opposite to the light. For all the time they tried to unravel this figure, and the poet existed at a time when the “number of the beast” was actually detected.

Characteristic lyric hero

Two worlds coexist in the work: the sublime life exists in memory, which is embodied by the form of the past tense verb "held", "destroyed", "not waved",“fell”, and the lower world, to which unfortunately the lyric character belongs, and the proof is the verb form of the present tense “transmits a smart number”.

It is impossible not to say that Gumilev, as never before, is characterized by a sense of importance and seriousness before a word. This is the ability to control himself, an understanding of the obligation to a word, the powerful force of influence of which he was aware. The purpose of the word is the liberation of the human soul, the return to it of beauty, the one that "will save the world." Since it’s not at all for contention, it’s not people who come to this world for the struggle and for struggle, but for awareness, for obtaining inner consent and unity.

The word is powerful as long as it is free. However, the number is insidious. It needs the question "How much?" or "in what quantity?" And this is a completely different opera. Adults extremely love numbers. When you tell them that you have acquired a new friend, they would never inquire about the most important things. Often they are interested in how much money his dad gets. And after they think they recognize the person. When you tell an adult that you saw a beautiful building made of bricks the color of strawberries, and there were beautiful plants in the windows, then they cannot imagine such a building.But if you say: "I saw the estate for $ 2 million," then they will exclaim, "Wow!"

"Dead words"

As for the "soulless words," unfortunately there are many of them in poetry, and, sadly, in the whole world. They are countless, dazzling with abundance, abandoned their true nature. Are these sacred motives - “Like bees in a hive deserted, dead words smell foul?” - viewed from former idealist Nikolai Stepanovich, clearly realizing that a nasty lifeless word will always be close and reviving (as practically from nowhere his works revived after sixty years silence), illuminating the words of the lyrics.

The role of the word

From now on, poetic art itself is perceived not as mastery, and not even as an ability to compose poems, but solely as a sincerity, a form of being, an exalted embodiment of the universal essence. Babylon was destroyed when human words were mixed. And destroyed, inevitably destroyed will be what is done unrighteous. The great poetess Anna Akhmatova reasoned that the heart was tired of deceiving, and it was necessary, at least in literature, to recreate the important meaning of the word.

the meaning of the poem Gumilev word

And the poet praised the word, bowed before him, and did not take possession of him, but brought himself entirely into possession of him for life. And the reflection of this word fell on the works of Nikolay Stepanovich, his future, since they were created according to the Theodore de Bonville theorem: "Art is what is formed, and, accordingly, there is no need for change."

This is the explanation of the revival of the poems of Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev, the impact of which on the poetry of Russia of the whole 20th century can not be overestimated.

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