Appaloosa (horse): description, features, care, history of origin and reviews
Quite noticeable, having an unusual coloring andeasily recognizable by the cute funny spots, the Appaloosa horses are known for their amazing beauty and excellent versatile abilities. They can be seen at many competitions in equestrian sports, and not only.
From this article you can learn almost everything about the horse. Breeds of horses (Appaloosa is not an exception) do not appear in a short time. At least because the foal is born at the mare about once a year. The breed has a long history. We describe the suit, peculiarities, and uses. This remarkable horse, thanks to its unusually beautiful coloring, good temper, magnificent abilities and talents, more and more conquers the hearts of many lovers.
Horses (Appaloosa): description, features
This kind of horse is unique for its extraordinary motleysuit. In addition, they are very quick, demonstrate a class in the highest level competitions: dressage, games, jumping, rodeo and horse racing. They are also used for quiet family walks, since they have surprisingly complaisant character.
Extremely obedient, diligent, enduring and strong appaloosa.
This horse has four identifiableCharacteristics: fleshy, skin spotted, hooves striped and white sclera (this is the area around the eyes that covers completely the eyeball, except for the colored cornea). In total, in the clubs of amateurs today are recognized 13 basic suits of such an animal as appaloosa. Horse breeds of horses with woven exteriors not only look great, but also bring good results.
Head is large, with very expressive eyes,ears are sharp and small. A beautiful neck, a straight back and a powerful, rounded croup with a high tail give the horse slenderness. Appaloosa is fairly broad-chested, with strong muscular legs and with a pleasant silky tail and mane.
Its growth at the withers varies between 142-155 cm.
There is also a pony suit appaloosa.
On the colt it is rather difficult to determine whichthe color he will be when he grows up. Most are born with light skins. Over time, they molt and lose their baby hair. The exception is gray horses, born dark, and then a little lightening.
Usually, 7 professional terms are used in describing the suits of appaloosa: choprak, chalaya, spots, chasuble calyx, chappak chalny suited and spotted, stained with spots.
Appaloosa is a horse that has a huge varietycombinations of a wide variety of shades. And the spotting or partial coloring of her skin is also one of the characteristic features of this extraordinary, magnificent horse.
The skin is tender pink (almost flesh-colored) with inclusions of dark spots.
Types of suits of the horse appaloosa
There are 5 types of breed suits (basic):
1. Leopard - with white color of the lower back and with hips in round dark spots.
2. Snowflake - white with dark spots on the body.
3. Pattern white without dark spots.
4. Marble - all over the body speckled.
5. Hoarfrost - with white spots on a dark background.
Very diverse in the colors of the horse breed.
Appaloosa: description, history of origin
The motherland of the Appaloosa breed is the territory of the Palouz River (north of the USA). And today it is bred in Canada and in the west of the USA.
Even in ancient times, people valued the spottedhorses. This is shown by the found images of such animals in ancient caves, which are located on the territory of France. These pictures, apparently, are made more than 20 thousand years ago. Similar rock paintings were also found in Asia, on the territory of China.
At one time in North America, such horsesbrought the Spaniards in the era of great geographical discoveries. And their help was by the time - to facilitate the study of American continents. After a time, Appaloosa (horse) took root in the life of the Indians. They bred these animals, traded and sold to different tribes. Slowly their number increased, the suit improved, and at the beginning of the XVIII century, most of the inhabitants of the North-West of America began to ride on such horses.
Indians in Washington, Idaho and Oregon (the tribe of Nez-Perse) were fine horse breeders, and all their horses, including chubar specimens, were highly valued and were the object of the envy of other tribes.
It is known that the tribe was the only one,contributed to the consolidation in these horses of the characteristic features - speed and amazing ingenuity. The best of them they left for breeding breeding, and the rest were sold and exchanged.
With the extermination of the people of the Nez-Perse tribe, after the conquest of the continent by Europeans, the most unique horses also began to disappear.
The Society for the preservation of the Appaloosa
Until 1938, nothing significantwas undertaken to preserve the appalouse until one of the farmers, Claude Thompson of Oregon (Moro), engaged in the cultivation of wheat, created the Appaloosa Club. This society was engaged in the restoration of the livestock of a unique animal.
The society exists till now and unites the true enthusiasts and amateurs.
This horse in a greater degree characterizes its certain suit, than high-speed, though not bad qualities.
Character and character of a horse
Representatives of the breed from ancient times lived next to the man, so the animals are complaisant and have a good-natured character.
Reviews about this horse are just beautiful. Appaloosa has an amazingly calm temper. However, the animals are brave, strong, intelligent and calm, easily trained, and remarkable surprising diligence. Therefore, quite easily remember the most complex tricks.
Purpose, use, price
Appaloosa is a typical race breed. It can suddenly change the speed and direction of movement (sovokovost), has a magnificent gallop, and is also an excellent jumper.
The duo of man and the appaloosa brings great successes in sports and in various circus performances.
They perform in almost all types of horse racing. Thanks to a friendly nature, they are ideal animals for horse riding.
Appaloosa - a horse, whose price varies in the range of 70-350 thousand rubles, depending on the suit and age.
Having a calm temper, good abilities,beautiful appearance, unique color and good-natured character, the appaloosa horse is in demand and not only is an assistant in various spheres of life, but can become a true devoted friend, especially for young children.
Care and maintenance
Care for appaloosa, as well as for any other breedhorses, simple. Before going to the arena or for a walk, it is necessary to clean it and saddle it. Today, there are a variety of tools and tools for caring for horses: brushes of different sizes (with hard and soft, with natural and artificial bristles) for hooves; brushes for body cleaning; Various combs for caring for mane and tail; scrapers for removing strong contaminants; hooks for removing stuck objects from hooves, etc.
It is important to carefully clean the horse, so that nowhere on itback did not remain sawdust, accompanying the rubbing of her back saddle. After the ride, try to wear a blanket on her, and in the stables to remove it. Then you should thoroughly wash all parts of her body. It should always be remembered that it is necessary to take care of the horse leisurely and calmly.
In what conditions must the horses of the Appaloosa be kept?
Undoubtedly, the choice of the correct stables is decided bymany care problems. The room must have stalls (horses are in them), playpen and more spacious open rooms for people. And it is desirable to have as much as possible 2 arenas (necessarily one warm, for the winter). Very good stalls - spacious (convenient for a turn of a horse), separate for each animal, and if there is water in them.
As for the feeding of the appalouse,note that it is almost the same as that of other domestic animals. It consists of eating and drinking. Water must always be clean. The main food - oats, hay as a feeding, as well as all kinds of additives to maintain the form. In addition, the horse will not give up the dainties in the form of carrots or sugars.
History of the name of the breed
Where did this name come from - "appaloosa"?
The horse of this breed received a name from the river Palouz,flowing through Washington and Idaho (respectively, on their eastern and northern territories), or from the name of the tribe, the main settlement of which was located on the shore of Palouz. White-skinned immigrants from Europe, located in the north-west of this area, gave the name to these beautiful chubyr horses - the horse Palouse.
Then this name itself declined and began to sound like "appaloosa". The official name of the horse was taken in 1938.
I am glad that only more than half a million appaloos have been registered for today, and every year about 10,000 new horses are added to them.
It should always be remembered that the presence of thisthe most unique kind of horse at the present time - the merit of those same Indians from the tribe called Nez-Perse, who once lived in the United States of America. Thanks to them now it is possible to communicate with these wonderful, beautiful, good-natured, intelligent and obedient animals.