What is the name of January?
It is interesting and informative to study the origin of some familiar words in Russian. For example, the name of the month has a quite explicable origin.
How in ancient times was called January? In deeper antiquity, January was called “prosinets”, which means clarification, since the sky in January was shown more often than at the end of autumn and at the very beginning of winter.
It is also known that a little later, with the introduction of the Julian calendar, the Slavs used to say “sechen”, since this month is in the middle of winter, and, as it were, divides, cuts it into two parts. In Ukrainian, January slightly changed, but remained an average month, today it is “sichen”. In another interpretation, the “section” is the month of deforestation.
Why today is this winter month became January? The ancient Romans named the first month of the year in honor of the god Janus. The fact that he was two-faced is incontestable, but his other qualities differ depending on the source of information. Some researchers say that Janus was personified by the Romans as light and sun. Others argue that Janus is the god of time and symbolizes open doors.And January was considered the month that opens the door to the coming year.
Since January is called the Roman "name", few people already remember its ancient names. Meanwhile, January is popularly called differently. Such names as "mozhen", "jelly" are known. Earlier it was possible to hear about January "Vasil-month", since on the 1st of the day is celebrated of St. Basil the Great.