Biography and history of the creation of Michelangelo's Pieta.
Almost everyone had to face, if not with the biography, then at least with the name of the outstanding master Michelangelo. Let's get acquainted with the description of the life and mastery of a great genius.
Who is Michelangelo?
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475‒1564) is one of the greatest luminaries in several artistic fields at the same time. He is considered a great master of High and Late Renaissance, because it was this individual who was able to demonstrate his universality in architecture, in painting, in poetry, in sculpture. Throughout his life, he repeatedly took up ambitious artistic tasks and walked firmly toward his goal, while completely ignoring the obstacles. We can say that Michelangelo was a lone thinker, as he led a continuous struggle with the outside world, while feeling very alienated and unsettled. But, despite all the obstacles, this person has risen to a new level in the history of art.
The genius of the sculptor
Along with such famous artistic figures as Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael, Michelangelo gained unfading fame. For him, the fundamental principle was the knowledge of the surrounding world, and it was he who was elevated to the ranks of the first sculptors of his time. Why? The fact is that Michelangelo knew in detail the structure of the human body, while showing the elegance and magnificence of the body. Despite the fact that he often had to obey the whims of the rulers, he could easily move on to new transformations in architecture, in the creation of frescoes, in painting. Ease of performance emphasizes the uniqueness of this person, whose works can still be seen in museums.
The famous sculpture of Pieta by Michelangelo
Michelangelo worked a lot as a sculptor, and now we will get acquainted with the peak of his work. The sculpture by Michelangelo Buonarroti “Pieta” is the first of the total number of works that glorified the great Italian in the whole country. At the moment, this marble sculptural composition, which is also referred to as the “Lamentation of Christ”, is located in the Cathedral of St. Peter in the Vatican.It is an indicator of the unshakable faith of the creator himself, the depth and drama of Biblical history, which emphasizes the humanistic ideals of the Renaissance.
Briefly about the history of creation
Created by Michelangelo's "Pieta" for the French cardinal Jean Bielera de Lagrole in 1496. Already at such a young age (he was then only 21 years old), Michelangelo signed a contract with the cardinal to create the gravestone Pieta. The topic was very important, but the term for the creation of the sculptural composition was allotted very small - only a year. However, Michelangelo worked for about two years. Perhaps, therefore, the work was done so skillfully, for the sculptor detailed the volumes in such a precise and academic manner, and it was simply impossible to create everything quickly. This fact underlines his diligence and ability to bring his works to perfection.
Interesting is that this is his only sculpture, which was signed. The fact is that at the end of the work she put her out for universal contemplation. From the mouth of the audience flowed endless delight, some of them read prayers and swore to such a magnificent creation.The reaction of the people was astounding, and one day at a late hour Michelangelo secretly made his way into the cathedral with the tools and pointed out the inscription on the Madonna’s dignity belt: “Michelangelo Buonarroti, Florentine” From now on, the sculptor has become a recognizable genius.
The tragic theme in the sculpture "Pieta" by Michelangelo. Description
At that time, the theme of the Biblical motive was simply unacceptable for the masters. Fearlessly violating the tradition, he recreated the image of the young Mary, the grieving mother, with her sensuality, love, and generous temperate. We can observe how masterfully Michelangelo was able to convey a compositional structure expressing the psychological tint of the tragedy. Slightly inclined head of the Virgin. She looks at the face of her son lying on her lap, whose eyes are closed in deep sleep. Looking at this statue, you can feel the deepest perplexity of the mother, the sorrow that falls on her heart. This work has made a novelty in the transfer of drama. By means of the actual size of the composition and the position of the figures, the sculptor rejected previous views on this topic.
Attack on creation
Unfortunately, even this “holy” creation was attacked. It happened in 1972. After the celebration of the Day of the Holy Trinity, a work of art was completely attacked by one Australian geologist, Laszlo Thoth. He imagined himself risen from the dead and swiftly struck with a hammer 15 blows to the sculpture of Michelangelo.
Michelangelo's “Pieta” sculpture was damaged - the Virgin Mary had a hand to the elbow and a left eye repulsed. After this incident, the sculpture was restored and placed under the protection of bulletproof glass.
The last breath of creative genius
Michelangelo’s Pieta Rondanini sculpture was created six days before his death. It remained at the stage of initial processing, the ideological analogy of which also had a biblical motive. First of all, the sculptor wanted to recreate the figure of the Virgin, which supports the body of his Son. The body has such an emaciated appearance that it emphasizes the hopelessness and irrevocability of life. His hands, according to the plan, should have been spread out to the sides, but in recent days the master has modified the composition. From now on, the hands of Christ were pressed to the body.We see some external incoherence of two figures, but at the same time one feels the inseparability of their spiritual character, the internal one, which creates a single form. The grief of the mother proceeds in agonizing silence, where there is neither fear nor tears.
So, we reviewed only two of Michelangelo’s works.