Galteli: what it is, features, types, installation
Quite often in the repair today, fillets are used, what it is, you should find out even before visiting the store. These elements of the interior are a kind of baseboard, and are located at the junction between the ceiling and the wall. At the same time it is possible to hide the errors that could be made during the finishing. The fillet is classified according to the material of manufacture and design, and this will be discussed below, as well as the installation work.
Features of fillet
The galtel is an element of finishing the room, with the help of which it is possible to hide the gaps and irregularities of the ceiling-wall corners. With this product you can make the room complete. Fillets can be made of different materials, it allows you to select several varieties. Galtels differ from baseboards in that they usually do not have cable channels, and their installation is carried out in the upper part of the room.
Main varieties of fillets
If you are interested in fillets, what it is, you should know. In order to answer this question, it is necessary to become more closely acquainted with the materials at the basis of these products. For example, foam fillets today are the most common, because their cost is acceptable, and installation can be done by hand. Install such products can be in any room, it can be a bathroom or kitchen, as well as a living room.
Over time, the foam does not turn yellow, it copes with fluctuations in humidity and temperature. Such fillets weigh very little, so any composition can be used for sticking them, it can be putty, alabaster or building glue. For the cutting of such plinth there is no need to purchase a special tool, the usual sharp clerical or construction knife will suffice. The disadvantage is fragility.
Polyurethane fillets and plaster products
If you also decide to use in the repair of fillets, what it is, you should find out. For example, polyurethane products in appearance are very similar to foam, however, polyurethane is more durable and flexible, so you can even use it on rounded surfaces. The advantage is excellent resistance to mechanical damage.In addition, this material does not crumble. However, there are also disadvantages, which are expressed in a more impressive weight compared to foam plastic, therefore, silicone or acrylic glue should be used for installation.
Quite often in the design of modern interiors used fillets, what it is, you should find out if you also decided to follow the experience of the majority. Thus, on sale you can find gypsum products that are classic. They are not so common today, the reason is their considerable weight, as well as the ability to install only on putty, gypsum mortar and alabaster.
Another classic version of fillets is the ceiling wooden products, but they are used quite rarely and only when the walls have wooden elements. These fillets have a plus, which is expressed in an attractive and elegant appearance. However, it is rather difficult to establish which products, and to do this you need screws or nails. The products are expensive, and it is necessary to smear the gaps that have formed with putty.
Plastic fillets are quite common today; they are produced complete with corner elements that simplify the installation process. Works on installation will not be accompanied by difficulties, and even an aspiring home master can cope with this. Such products are durable, they can be produced in imitation of various natural materials, it can be wood or marble.
Ceiling ceiling should be installed according to a certain algorithm. For example, plastic and wooden plinths on single-tier ceilings, which were previously whitewashed or painted with a water-based emulsion, are installed mechanically; nails can be used for this, which are 30-50 cm apart from each other. or drywall.
Galteli on the ceiling, you can simply stick, if they are made of foam. For this, liquid nails are commonly used. Polyurethane products are somewhat heavier, so they must be installed against the wall. In this case, when choosing an adhesive, you should consult with a specialist.Usually they recommend to buy glues:
Applying glue is carried out on the back side of the plinth, the composition is then left for some time to dry, only after you can glue the fillet to the surface. At the final stage, all gaps, gaps and joints are filled with acrylic sealant or putty with the same composition. The main thing - to ensure that the mixture does not flow on the front surface of the product.
Types of fillets for the bathroom
The bathroom tinker, the types of which will be presented below, excludes the appearance of fungal infections and mold. In addition, it also performs the main role, expressed in the decoration of the ceiling joints with the walls. Such plinths are usually made of plastic, so they can be completely any color. The bath galtel is usually made of polystyrene, polyurethane and foam.
The first option is good because it is safe for human health. The cheapest are foam products, they are quite easy to mount and wash. The main disadvantage in this case is the possibility of the destruction of the material under the influence of chemicals.Polyurethane bath galtel is durable and flexible, and also the highest cost. When it comes to plastic fillets, they are usually made of foamed PVC or hard plastic. If you compare them with products from natural wood and foam, the plastic wins in matters of strength and flexibility. You can install a plastic fillet with a sealant.
Features of installation of fillets in the bathroom
In order to determine the required number of fillets for the bathroom, it is necessary to calculate the perimeter and divide it by 2. This will tell you how many fillets you need to buy, because each product has a length of 2 m. If you thought about the question of how to glue fillets, you should be aware that their installation is usually done one day after purchase, this is because the material must adapt to room temperature. The location of the fillets should be such as to minimize the number of joints, this especially concerns the visible area. Preliminary, it is recommended to make a scheme where each fillet will have its place.
Preparation of tools for installation
If you purchased a bathroom fillet, you should take care of the availability of all the necessary tools, among them:
- miter box;
- putty knife;
First you need to put a plinth to the wall to make sure that its width covers the entire gap. At the first fillet it is necessary to cut an angle of 45aboutusing for this case. Glue should be applied to each inner side, one side of the product will be fixed on the ceiling, the other - on the wall. As soon as the plinth is attached to the intended place, it is necessary to press it down a little, and at the same time it is necessary to ensure that the product is not damaged. It is important to eliminate dents and dirty spots.