Greenhouses do it yourself for seedlings. Greenhouse for cucumbers with their own hands

Frameless greenhouses

Greenhouses are the simplest designs. They are the usual shelters of several varieties.

1. Shelter light film

One of the options how to make a greenhouse with your own hands is to use only one shelter. The structure of the greenhouse is so simple that it is called insulated ground. A web of film or covering material covers the bed after sowing seeds.

how to make a greenhouse with your own hands

Thus, seedlings, greens and radishes are grown in early spring, when the weather does not allow to do this in the open field. To this end, the site is cleared of snow in early spring, a bed of boiling water is shed, and then seeds are sown. Then a cover is made of a film, which is pressed against stones or planks so that it will not be carried away by the wind. Conveniently nailed along the edges of the material poles. Then it can, if necessary, be expanded to the required size and minimized.As plants grow, shelter is lifted up. So that it does not sag, under it put a crate of wire. It is convenient to lay on the stand. Watering and weeding the first green is practically not required.

Periodically, the beds are opened for watering, airing and feeding plants. The film is used light, so that the plants themselves could lift it as it grows.

The use of shelter is also advisable in ordinary beds. After sowing the seeds, they are watered and covered from above until shoots appear. At the expense of it heat and humidity of the soil is better kept. The method is also used to protect plants during cold spells.

2. Comb type

The bed is made with earthen ridges 30-35 cm high, and seeds are sown between them. A film is laid on top and fixed in the same way as the previous method. It rests on the ridges and does not push the plants.

3. Frame greenhouse

Along the edges of the beds, 2 crests are made on which a rectangular wooden frame with a film and cords stretched in several rows are laid. Thus, simple greenhouses are created with their own hands for seedlings and greenery. It is even easier to apply a transparent plastic cap.It can itself be at the same time a shelter and a supporting structure.

greenhouses do it yourself seedlings

Frame greenhouses

Greenhouses are used to grow seedlings and get an early harvest of stunted vegetables. Facilities are odnoskatnymi, gables and tunnels. Such hotbeds are easily built with their own hands.

1. Single greenhouse

The construction of the greenhouse is performed with one slope facing south with a slope. For seedlings, the north side is raised by 25 cm, and for vegetables - up to 100 cm. It can be ground and in-depth. Both options include trim and frames with transparent glass or film cladding. From the side of the elevation they are fixed on the hinges. With the advent of new materials has become a popular greenhouse made of polycarbonate, self-built. The material is easily processed and has excellent heat-shielding properties.

polycarbonate greenhouse do it yourself

Greenhouses are made in the same way, only for in-depth digging a trench with a depth of 70 cm. This construction is stationary, as opposed to the ground one, which can be rearranged annually to another place.

How to make a greenhouse with your own hands? To do this, make the frame of the boards with a thickness of 30 mm. It can also be transparent if it is made from timber.The design is assembled from the frames, connecting at the corners with self-tapping screws or metal corners. For durability, the tree is impregnated with antifungal and water-repellent compounds. The material of the box can be made of stone, brick, concrete.

As the roof is most advantageous to use the old window frames. For this, the dimensions of the frame are planned for them. At the bottom of the shelter should provide rainwater runoff. Fastening the sash requires robust frame construction. Instead of glass on the frame, you can stretch a film of polyethylene in 2 layers or mount a greenhouse made of polycarbonate with your own hands using special screws with plastic inserts. In the open state, the roof is fixed with special brackets or wooden bars.

Most often, make lean-to greenhouses with their own hands for seedlings, which is first put in them in pots and drawers, and then planted in the ground.

2. Dvuskatny greenhouse (hangar)

The design also contains a box of boards. To make a hangar greenhouse with your own hands, the drawings must be prepared in advance, because the design is the most complex of all types.Must be drawn up a preliminary scheme of construction. Usually a gable construction is a small greenhouse.

Rafters with a 60 cm ridge beam are installed on the box. Film is attached to the frame and nailed to the ridge with hanging rods attached to the free ends. For ventilation of the internal space, the film is wound on them and fixed with the help of a pin inserted into the rafter holes. If frames are used, they are attached to the ridge on the hinges and, if necessary, raised on stops.

The hangar construction is widespread, since it has enough height for adult plants, for example, it does the greenhouse for cucumbers with its own hands. For the cultivation of different plants used sectional construction with internal transparent partitions. They retain heat and moisture better.

greenhouse do-it-yourself drawings

3. Tunnel option

Structurally, it is very simple to make greenhouses with your own hands. For this, arcs are stuck into the ground and covered with a film or agrofibre. The material is wire, metal-plastic, plastic, fittings. The frame is easily disassembled, and it is stored for the winter, and in the spring it is taken out again.It is also convenient to use it inside greenhouses, when it is necessary to increase the temperature of the medium by 2-3 ºС during strong frosts.

The industry produces an arched greenhouse "Snowdrop". It makes no sense to do such a construction with your own hands, since it is already extremely simple. Installing a greenhouse is not a problem, and it can be installed even in a greenhouse when it is still cold outside. Reliable covering material will well protect the seedlings of vegetables from spring frosts.

How to post on the site

The greenhouse is installed in compliance with the following rules:

  1. Windproof.
  2. Good sun illumination (1% of the light accounts for 1% of the yield).
  3. Moderate soil moisture.
  4. Location on level ground.

Accessibility is important for coverage. For plants need to constantly care for. The most convenient are the opening parts of the roof. It is necessary to ensure tightness. Temperature and the lack of a draft inside depend on it. Avoid droplets that have a detrimental effect on plants. It is necessary that rainwater flow over the coating.

Crop turnover

In autumn, the earth in the greenhouse is dug up, fertilized with humus, well watered and covered for the winter with a layer of leaves of 30-40 cm.The soil freezes slightly, and in early April you can dig it up and plant onions on feathers, lettuce, dill, radish, spinach. The harvest will be higher if you lay a cushion of plant residues (grass, weed, leaves) from below, which creates additional heating for the bed.

Special compositions are suitable for biofuel:

  • 70% of cow dung + 30% of sawdust;
  • 50% of straw + 35% of cow dung + 15% of bird droppings.

The combustion process starts at an ambient temperature of 10-15 ºС. Therefore, biofuels can be laid for the winter, and in the spring to pour boiling water. When the process of biomass decomposition begins, its temperature will rise to 55-75 ºС and will last for about 2 weeks, and then slowly decrease to 25-38 ºС for a month and a half.

To keep warm, the greenhouse in the spring is additionally covered overnight and placed inside a container with hot water.

At the beginning of the 2nd decade of May, seedlings of eggplants, peppers, and cucumbers can be planted in their place. After harvesting, radishes, onions, and dill are planted again. Such a turnover of crops allows you to have on the table fresh greens up to 8 months a year.

Growing seedlings

The seeds of most plants in the greenhouse are sown in boxes in early April.Then they are covered with mats, matting, non-woven material. The covering is removed only after shoots appear.

In greenhouses grown seedlings of cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, cabbage, zucchini, squash and other crops. Data on some of them are given in the table.

Culture

Seed time

Planting in a greenhouse

Row spacing

Bedding

Tomatoes

April 1-10

After the appearance of the 1st true sheet

100 mm

The beginning of June

Cabbage

Mid march

After the appearance of cotyledons

60 mm

After the appearance of 4-5 sheets

Cucumbers

End of april

After the appearance of 4-5 sheets

60 mm

In the ground - after the appearance of 2-4 sheets;
in the greenhouse - after the appearance of 4-5 sheets

Usually, seedlings try to grow vegetables, which have a long growing season, and they do not have time to give a good harvest in normal conditions. When this is achieved high germination, and the harvest is obtained a month earlier and more than several times.

In greenhouses you can grow seedlings in boxes, pots and other bulk containers. If you use a coating of polycarbonate, you can immediately produce sparse sowing on the bed. Thus you can create a greenhouse for cucumbers with your own hands. In this case, in the short term, you can begin to harvest the first crop.

Conclusion

Make greenhouses with your own hands. This is a convenient, simple and profitable way to get healthy seedlings. When planting plants in protected ground, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors: watering, temperature, humidity, ventilation. For this, the greenhouse must be properly equipped. If you do not want to get involved in its manufacture, you can purchase collapsible glasshouse "Snowdrop". You can quickly assemble it with your own hands, and all accessories are placed in the trunk of the car.

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