How often to water onions and garlic in the open field?
Onions and garlic - unpretentious, tasty and healthy crops are grown in almost every garden. One of the main conditions for obtaining a good harvest is the correct watering. Like any other bulbous plants, these cultures absolutely do not tolerate either stagnant water or its deficiency. On how often to water onions and garlic and in what quantities, our article.
Spring care for onions
Planted this crop in open ground in central Russia in mid-May. A day before this procedure, the soil in the garden should be carefully shed. After planting, the soil is not moistened in any case: they are waiting for the moment when the earth dries. In the rainy spring, this usually does not happen, and the plants do not water at all.
The answer to the question of how often you need to water the onions, at most depends on what kind of weather is on the street. In the dry spring, the condition of the soil will have to be carefully monitored.Drying the onions in the garden beds is as harmful as over-wetting. In the temperate continental climate, in spring, onions usually have to be watered about once a week. While the heads are small, it is not necessary to moisten the soil under the plants too much: an 8-liter bucket of 1 m will be enough2.
Care in June-August
So, how to moisten the soil under the plants in the spring, we figured out. Now let's look at how often to water onions in the summer and how much water you need to spend. In June, it is necessary to moisten the beds with plants a little less than in spring. Watering during this period is usually made once a week and a half. At the same time about 10-12 liters of water are consumed per square meter. Approximately the same mode of irrigation remain in the first half of July. At this time, the plants are poured onions, and therefore they need quite a lot of moisture. The soil in the garden should get wet no less than 15 cm.
Summer residents, who have decided to grow a good crop of this crop, should be aware, including the answer to the question of how often the onions should be watered at the end of July. At this time, the beds moisten with the same frequency as at the beginning of the month.However, the amount of water poured out under the plants is reduced by half. At the end of July, no more than 5-6 liters of water should be spent per square meter of planting, otherwise the bulbs will lose in storage. Stop watering about three weeks before the harvest - immediately after the feathers appear wrinkles.
Basic rules to follow
How often water the onions in the open field, you now know. In the spring they do it once a week, in the summer - once a year and a half. Next, consider what is the actual technology of this procedure.
Onions - the plant is hardy and unpretentious, so you can choose any method of watering: from the hose under the root, drip, sprinkling. In the latter case, the procedure should be as carefully as possible. On the hose is to wear a watering can with very small holes. Too strong jets may crush onion feathers, and it will grow worse. It is best to irrigate early in the morning.
What else do you need to know
It is not recommended to water onions with too warm water. High temperatures in combination with humidity can trigger the development of putrefying diseases. The optimum degree of water for watering onions - 14-18.In this mode, you can grow juicy, tasty, large, and at the same time bedrock heads.
Sometimes the owners of suburban areas add to the irrigation water all sorts of useful preparations for onions. A very good solution would be, for example, the use of such a tool as Energen. This drug stimulates the growth and development of the heads and feathers, reduces the content of nitrates in plant tissues and is able to increase the yield of onions by up to 40%. Add "Energen" in water at the rate of 1 capsule per 10 liters.
The answer to the question of how often to water the onions may also include the appearance of the plants themselves. If the turnip feather has faded and has become too watery, the frequency of soil moistening on the bed should be reduced. Yellowing and drying of the tips of the leaves, on the contrary - a sign of a lack of moisture in the soil.
How often to water a bow "on the feather"?
In this case, the soil on the beds is moistened in about the same way as when growing plants for the heads. The only thing - they pour such onions a little more often. In a dry spring, the soil is moistened not once, but two or three times a week. At the same time consume approximately 8 liters of water per meter. Before the regrowth of a long feather, watering is best done using the “root” method.Then you can use any method.
How often to water the onions in the open field when grown "on the feather" in mid-summer? Moisturize the soil under the plants almost until the harvest. Stop watering costs about five days before cutting. Later this procedure should not be carried out, otherwise the pen will be too watery and brittle, and its shelf life will decrease several times.
Watering mode garlic
So, how often to water onions and how much water to use at the same time, we figured out. Now let's look at how to properly moisten the soil in the beds with garlic. The root system of this plant is rather weak. In addition, garlic heads are less onion and nutrients are drawn mainly from the upper layers of the soil. Therefore, this plant requires a little more water. However, pour garlic, as well as onions, is impossible.
The green parts of this culture begin to develop intensively in late April - early May. During this period, at least two waterings should be made. But only if the weather is dry. In late spring - in June, heads begin to grow at garlic.At this time, it is watered at least once every 5 days, and in very hot windy weather - once every 3 days.
The answer to the question of how often the onions and garlic should be watered depends primarily on the weather during the growing season. In rainy summer, the soil in the beds with garlic is watered much less often - as it dries. Sometimes in the beds with this plant you even have to make grooves to prevent stagnant water.
In the event that garlic is supposed to be stored for a long time, during the period of rapid development of the bulbs, it should be watered less frequently, then the heads will grow not too large, but at the same time the growth will be. If the bed is small, and garlic is supposed to be used, for example, only as a seasoning when salting tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers, the frequency of watering should be increased. In this case, the heads will grow very large, but they will not be stored for too long.
Basic watering rules
When growing garlic, the following recommendations should be taken into account:
- at temperatures below +15 degrees plants do not water;
- water temperature should be no more than +18 degrees;
- watering is best in the early morning;
- The best way to water garlic is drip.
If garlic is supposed to be used only for canning, you should stop moistening the beds one week before harvesting. If the heads will be stored all winter - 2 weeks before that.
Thus, we have figured out how often water onions and garlic. Both of these plants are unpretentious, but in terms of soil moisture is still considered quite capricious. The technology of their irrigation must be observed, otherwise it will be impossible, simply speaking, to grow a good crop.