How to make drip watering with your own hands. Driving irrigation scheme
Many people grow vegetables, flowers or strawberries in their backyard. All plants require irrigation, but not all owners can implement it in a timely manner. Craftsmen have found a way to solve this problem, creating for their beds drip watering with their own hands, which has gained popularity among summer residents.
What is this system?
This is a branched conduit device, through which water is supplied to the root system of plants. The principle of operation is very simple. The liquid enters the tank from the pipeline or is pumped from the well, and from there it goes through the pipes and drip pipes to the plants that need irrigation. Provide the simplest drip irrigation with their own hands every owner of the dacha can.
Of course, the bulk of the items will have to buy in a specialty store.When choosing distribution pipes, determining their length and diameter, you should be guided by the estimated water flow and irrigation pattern. The main thing is to make wiring simple, but practical, with a minimum number of connecting elements. Any fitting entering the drip mechanism is a blocking zone. Given the quality of water at the dacha plots, the part may become a dirt trap.
No matter how much you want to permanently rid yourself of regular evening watering with a hose in your hand, you should not create a complex plumbing device in your area, otherwise it will be impossible to walk there, and you will have to repair it constantly.
Irrigation in the greenhouse
The drip system is designed for rational irrigation during the absence of owners at the dacha. First of all, it is necessary for greenhouses and greenhouses, where natural precipitation does not flow, and the lack of moisture can lead to the death of plants, which is unacceptable. Drip irrigation of the greenhouse, self-assembled, can become an effective assistant to the summer resident. It helps to increase the yield several times, protects plants from phytophora disease, improves their appearance and saves water consumption.Thanks to such a system, the top layer of the soil is not moistened, while the bottom receives sufficient water. This allows you to maintain a balanced capillary capacity of the soil. This prevents the deposition of salt on the surface of the soil and plants.
Drip irrigation prevents the development of weeds and creates favorable conditions for the care of greenhouse plants. The paths between the beds are dry and the plants are clean.
When the automatic drip irrigation system is carried out independent irrigation. Water moistens the soil only in places where the root system is spread. It slowly, evenly and continuously approaches each plant in the quantity it needs.
In addition, thanks to this system, the soil does not need to be loosened, the moisture enters the ground at the required depth, does not lose volume and does not evaporate. Compared with the top irrigation, the structure of the soil does not collapse under drip. With intense evaporation, plant leaves do not get burned.
Diagram of the drip irrigation device
As already mentioned, to create a device you need to purchase some partssince it is not possible to make individual droppers, a drop hose, a start-connector, water filters, water mains pipes and more.
The standard scheme of drip irrigation, self-made, provides for a certain stationarity and the minimum number of branches. For the natural supply of moisture from the accumulation tank, one dispensing tube is enough, to which the drip tubes are attached. To make the mechanism more functional, an industrial water level regulator and a sensor for shutting off the irrigation system are mounted. Spending a little time, effort and money, you can ensure a high yield and an evening rest.
The irrigation kit includes:
- water mains pipes (plastic);
- cleaning filters for water and plugs;
- drip hose and droppers;
- soap solution and silicone grease;
- start connector and tee;
- ball valve and polyethylene pipes;
- thread and plastic nuts.
To create an irrigation system, it is necessary to draw a plan of your site where this device will function.
In order to make drip irrigation with your own hands, it is necessary to draw a plan for the location of the beds and individual plants in need of watering. It is necessary to consider where the pipes of the system, stop valves, drip hoses and stand-alone droppers will be placed. In the case of a gentle slope on the site, it is better to place the drip hoses under the slope, and the main pipes - in a horizontal position. Then mark all joints in the pipelines. All this is needed to calculate the necessary additional details of the drip irrigation system. When connecting, you should use a tee or a start connector that performs its function. It is installed directly into the pipe.
Choice of equipment and material
Before you build drip irrigation with your own hands, you should choose the right equipment. It is better to buy plastic pipes for the main pipeline, since they are lightweight, inexpensive and do not corrode. In addition, such pipes will make it possible to supply fertilizers, soluble in water, to the place of irrigation.
You should consider the water supply device drip irrigation of the land.If there is no water supply, an economical solution in this case would be the installation of a fluid tank being filled at a height of two meters. It is recommended to cover the water from direct sunlight. The pipes and hose are laid at the discretion of the owners: they are placed directly on the ground, suspended on supports or buried. Mostly choose the first option, as it is simple and economical. But in this case it is better to use opaque pipes to avoid water blooming. Thick material is recommended for underground pipelines. Installation of drip irrigation with your hands requires the mandatory use of filters for water purification. This material reduces the likelihood of clogging drip hoses. In addition, you should consider the type and number of start connectors to be used.
Once the beds are formed, you can proceed to the installation of the device. Rinse before using the system. First remove the plugs and run the water, the dirty one has to drain. You should know that drip irrigation, hand-made, requires regular cleaning of filters.This can be done personally, without the help of specialists.
The process of performing drip irrigation device
The main components of the system are plastic tapes with holes and main distribution pipes. First of all, you need to do the main pipes - take two taps along the tracks. On both sides of them put two distributing pipes. They are connected to the plumbing system with detachable connections. Then the tape drip irrigation is connected to the distribution pipe, it passes through the distribution valve around the perimeter of the site. Performing installation of drip irrigation with their own hands, make and connect some parts. These are distribution pipes, detachable connections for the plumbing system.
Do-it-yourself installation of drip irrigation is carried out in the presence of distributing pipes, which can be a polyethylene irrigation pipe of the required length with a diameter of 4 cm. Of course, you can use a product of larger or smaller diameter, but such is the most suitable for fixing the start-connector with a tap.
They cut off a pipe of the required length, put a cap on the one hand, and on the other hand, by means of a crane, make a transition to a water supply device.Holes with a diameter of 14 mm are drilled along the entire perimeter of the pipe (this is the optimal size for reliable fastening of the connector). The distance between them should correspond to the intervals between rows of plants. In the dispensing valve insert a sealing gum, where the start-connector is mounted. It is recommended to moisten it in a soapy solution or silicone grease for high functionality. Connector with a tap allows you to adjust the water flow in a device such as drip irrigation, with your own hands.
Distribution pipes and plug connections
The connection device to the pipeline is made mainly of polyethylene pipes. To begin with, both sides carry out bends, plus another for connecting the hose. A ball valve is soldered to the tap, which is connected to the water supply system, the function of which is to shut off the water in the sleeve. Then on the distribution pipe fix the transition corresponding to the diameter of the water pipe. A plug-in connection is made between the tap and the pipes; it will allow to detach the entire structure of the device for the winter period.
Connect the distribution pipe to the water supply system after the distribution connector is installed with the faucet. For this mount connector.Then roll out the tape irrigation area of suitable length, the ends of the sleeves are connected to the transfer valve of the main pipe. To do this, they put a drip tape on the faucet and fix it with a plastic nut. After that, the ends of the sleeves are muffled — clamped or fastened with a thread instead of a clamp.
Drip irrigation of trees, created with their own hands, or vegetables - a universal device. It is used in places where it is impossible to use other irrigation methods:
- On the ground, where a large slope or difficult terrain.
- In areas with limited water.
- If the water is high in salt.
- In areas with unstable climate.
- On soils with too high or too low level of hygroscopicity.
Thus going to drip watering the garden with their own hands. In order to avoid a breakthrough, it is recommended to adjust the water pressure.
Automatic drip irrigation
With your own hands, creating an automatic watering device for plants, you can greatly facilitate your work in the garden. Such a device can evenly distribute moisture and beneficially influence the development of crops.Automatic drip irrigation with their own hands began to do to replace the hoses. It is very convenient and has several advantages:
- Allows you to set the daily irrigation of plants at the same time.
- Due to this irrigation, oxygen circulates freely, due to which the earth, drying out, is not covered with a dry crust.
- You can set the interval according to which the system will turn on and off, as well as the pressure force.
- If the device is installed correctly, it can water even remote areas.
- Automatic watering sparingly water.
In order to save such a system, you can make it yourself.
Most summer residents grow strawberries on their land plots. This plant requires careful maintenance. An important role is played by watering strawberries. The growth and development of bushes, and how much the crop grows, depend on its quality. Water for strawberries is very important because its roots are located in the top layer of soil and cannot be fed by moisture from the deep layers.
There are three main types of irrigation: sprinkling, drip and irrigation. For strawberries it is recommended to use the combined watering.First, use the usual sprinkling, it removes dust from the leaves. For the second phase of plant growth, drip irrigation is used. It differs from other methods in that the moisture enters at the root, the plant consumes the necessary rate of moisture, which prevents overmoistening of the soil.
Drip irrigation strawberries with your own hands can be done on the plot, it is a good help for summer residents. The construction itself is simple:
- central highway;
- tape or hose;
- source for water supply;
- filters for cleaning;
- additional equipment (pumps, injectors, dispensers, etc.).
The central highway is a polyethylene pipe, the diameter of which depends on the land area. One end of the pipe is connected to the water supply, and the other is closed with a plug.
The pump for drip irrigation should be selected according to the water supply system (tanks, well or well). There are three types of pump:
- Submersible (well and borehole). They are used for pumping water from a great depth.
- Surface (centrifugal and vortex).They raise water from shallow wells.
- Pumping stations. This type of pump pumps clear water from a depth of up to 9 meters.
Pressure compensated tape is the best choice for drip irrigation devices. It does not flood at the end of long beds.
Filters are of two types:
- Fine cleaning. It is recommended to use a disk filter.
- Coarse cleaning. It is better to use brass filters here.
Fitting for drip irrigation is most often used simple or with a tap. When selective irrigation of the site using minicranes. The function of a fitting with a tap is to control the flow of water for irrigation.
An injector is a mechanism for adding vodorosvorimyh chemicals and fertilizers in the root area through the drip system.
The device of drip irrigation, created by own hands, carries out not only irrigation, but also plant nutrition. Its advantages are as follows:
- water saving;
- rationing the necessary moisture;
- the ability to water densely planted areas;
- elimination of soil contamination.
In addition, with drip irrigation used fertigation.This is a way to fertilize strawberries with liquid nutrients that are soluble in water and that reach the plant through a hose using a pump.
The drip system can also be watered in greenhouses, since the manual method can only harm the plants. Water, falling between the rows, stimulates the development of weeds. The device works on the principle of cyclic water supply, therefore it has a beneficial effect on plants and does not contribute to the development of unnecessary grass.
Installing the system, we hope that it will serve a long time. To create it, it is better to buy quality materials, even if they cost a little more. This will justify itself in the future. Drip irrigation of the greenhouse, self-assembled from low-quality materials, can quickly fail, and it will have to be replaced completely.