How to treat angina with antibiotics? What drugs are most effective?
Features of the disease
Sore throat is known medicine from ancient times. It is an infectious disease of viral or bacterial origin, which affects the palatine tonsils. Mostly its pathogens are staphylococci and streptococci. It happens several types: catarrhal, follicular and Simanovsky (rare). Each form has similar clinical manifestations: high fever, pain and redness in the throat, swelling, signs of intoxication, swollen lymph nodes. When the follicular and Simanovsky tonsils are covered with purulent plaques. To deal with this problem will only help antibacterial drugs. Treatment of angina with antibiotics is the most effective way to kill pathogens.Recently, staphylococci are constantly mutated and show amazing resistance to drugs, so specialists have to create all new and improved drugs.
It is necessary to understand that a sore throat is dangerous with complications, such as otitis, paratonsillar abscess, polyarthritis, paratonsillitis. The disease also causes rheumatic damage to the heart, joints, central nervous system and kidneys. Therefore, when you first suspect this disease, you should call a doctor who will prescribe the correct and effective treatment of angina with the latest generation of antibiotics, taking into account your characteristics and nature of the disease.
What antibacterial agents to choose?
The drug must destroy harmful microorganisms, that is, have a bactericidal effect. When released into the body, the agent must be rapidly absorbed, penetrate into the tissues and blood plasma, do not break down under the influence of microbial enzymes, and also be comfortable to carry, have minimal toxicity. So, which antibiotics for angina are best suited?
Means are most often used in modern antibiotic therapy. Penicillin is prescribed to children of different age categories.Since they have a bactericidal effect and an antibacterial effect on most gram-positive microorganisms, even at the initial stage of their development. They are able to penetrate directly into the cell and destroy bacteria. In addition, penicillins have extremely low toxicity and rarely cause allergic reactions even with prolonged therapy.
In medicine, they are divided into several groups: biosynthetic (natural) and semi-synthetic. The first highly effective in the treatment of infections that are caused by pneumococci, staphylococci, streptococci, anaerobic bacteria, gonococci. Most often used in injections. The second group (semi-synthetic) is produced in the form of injections and tablets. They are active against gram-positive bacteria (Oxaxillin, Cloxacillin, Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Carbenicillin, etc.). The use of penicillins allows you to get an excellent therapeutic result. Cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones have a good effect on bacteria that are less resistant to this group.
Bactericides are the most popular antibiotics for follicular sore throat. These are natural compounds with high antibacterial activity and a spectrum of action. Like penicillins, they destroy the structure of the microbial cell. Cephalosporins are divided into 4 generations of drugs. The first include drugs "Cefalexin", "Cefradine" and "Cefazolin". All drugs adversely affect gram-positive pathogens and are very resistant to the penicillin series. The second generation of drugs (Ceforuxim) is significantly better. The third group, so to speak, includes the medicines Cefixime, Ceftriaxone. They are prescribed for acute and complex course of the disease, and are also active in relation to the pyocyanic stick. And finally, the best, the generation of cephalosporins has high therapeutic qualities against gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens ("Cefepim").
Modern drugs that can defeat almost all harmful microorganisms. Their advantage is minimal nephrotoxicity. Medicinal drugs (Ofloxacin, Pefloxacin,"Ciprofloxacin") remains in the body for a long time, it allows to significantly reduce the dosage of oral administration or injection procedures. But there is one "but" - treatment of tonsillitis with fluoroquinolone antibiotics is contraindicated for lactating and pregnant women, as well as for children under 16 years of age.
To achieve the maximum effect, antifungal agents (Mikosist, Flucostat, Flucanazole) are indicated in order to avoid the occurrence of a fungal infection. Medications are usually prescribed for the whole time of taking antibiotics or once, it all depends on the disease. In addition, sulfonamides and antiseptics for local use are indicated. Available in the form of aerosols, lozenges, candies and lozenges. In the acute stage, they are used every two hours to relieve symptoms and eliminate pain. It is advisable to drink eubiotics (Bifidumbacterin, Premadofilus, Linex) for at least two weeks to restore microflora. After all, everyone knows that antibacterial agents, in addition to pathogenic bacteria, kill good microbes, leading to dysbiosis.
Drug Administration Rules
Therapy should be carried out according to a strictly defined scheme, which is prescribed by the doctor. It is necessary that the body received the prescribed dose of medicine to destroy bacteria. Before therapy, tests are usually taken to identify the causative agent to determine its sensitivity to drugs. Uncontrolled treatment of angina with antibiotics can lead to severe dysbiosis and allergies. Medication should be taken 3-4 times a day, one hour before meals. You can drink pills only with ordinary water, not fruit juices, milk, soda or tea. All these drinks only complicate the absorption of the drug. Dosage and course reception is calculated by the doctor. You should not do it yourself, otherwise you can provoke poisoning or side effects. For example, penicillins drink 7-10 days, but macrolides should be drunk for a longer time, in order to surely destroy the microbial flora and not allow it to spread throughout all tissues and organs.
How to relieve the patient?
The ill person is strongly recommended bed rest and gentle nutrition.In order to avoid contamination of the rest of the family members, the patient should be allocated separate dishes, which after use should be doused with boiling water. Regularly carry out cleaning and ventilation in the room. For a speedy recovery and elimination of toxins, it is necessary to consume more fluid. To medication, you can add traditional drugs: chamomile tea, gargling with herbal decoction. Be sure to eliminate the harmful factors: dust, dry air, tobacco smoke and alcohol. In order not to get sick again in the future, you need to monitor your health. Several times a year, drink multivitamin preparations, increase immunity, temper as much as possible, and treat a cold at home in a timely manner.