Kinesiological exercises for preschool children. Kinesiological exercises for children
Formation and development of the nervous system andthe brain begins long before the birth of the baby and ends not immediately after graduation. The active phase of development occurs in the first years of life, when the child learns the world, he develops speech and synchronous work of the two hemispheres of the brain improves. All parents would like to see their crumbs attentive, possessing good memory, logic, ingenuity. There is a separate science, which is devoted to the development and improvement of the work of mental processes - this is kinesiology.
What does kinesiology do?
We all know that any action of the hands or feetimpulses pass through the brain first. This is confirmed by the well-known reflex arc of Pavlov. It is this connection of the brain and actions that the creators of the science of kinesiology took as a basis. They argue that both hemispheres of the brain can effectively develop through special actions - kinesiological exercises. After they have been implemented for a long time, the result will please any parent, both a preschool child and a child attending school. Their main advantage is that the corpus callosum develops in the child's brain, stress resistance is increased, fatigue is reduced, and the work of mental processes improves.
Classification exercises of this science
Kinesiological exercises for preschool children are simple, children can easily carry them out. What are the types of developmental actions, what are they aimed at?
- At the beginning of the session you need to set up the child for work, so stretch marks are used. They consist in the fact that children perform tasks for maximum tension and relaxation of muscles.
- When the child is toned and tries to do everythingActions that will be told to him, respiratory kinesiological exercises are applied. They contribute to the development of self-control in children, as well as the appearance of a sense of rhythm.
- Work to improve the functions of the braincontinues with the implementation of oculomotor activity. They help to remove muscular clamps in children, and also promote better interaction of the two hemispheres.
- After active development, you should relax, for this exercise is applied, leading to relaxation. The muscle tension is relieved, and the child relaxes.
The use of ordered breathing for the brain of children
Breathing is important not only from the point of view of physiology. In addition to providing oxygen to every cell of the child's body, it also helps to develop the arbitrariness of actions and self-control in the child. Breathing kinesiological exercises for schoolchildren are not difficult, but very useful.
"Blow out the candle"
The child represents that there are 5 candles in front of him. He needs to blow out one big candle at first, then distribute the same volume of air into 5 equal parts to blow out everything.
"Rocking the head"
Starting position: sitting or standing straighten the shoulders, head down and close your eyes. Then the child begins to shake his head in different directions and deeply, as soon as he can, breathe.
"Breathing with the nose"
Exercise is that the children are breathingonly one nostril. It is important to correctly position your fingers: the right nostril is closed with the right thumb, the left one with the little finger of the left hand. The other fingers are always pointing upwards. It's important to breathe deeply and leisurely.
Children standing take a deep breath, close their noses with their fingers and crouch. In this position, they mentally count to 5, then get up and release air. Exercise is like the action of a diving swimmer.
Movement of eyes and parts of the body in kinesiology
A child with this set of exercisescan expand the field of vision, improve the process of thinking, remembering and speech development. Kinesiological exercises for children as a whole contribute to the activation of learning, in this not the last place is occupied by synchronized movements of the eyes and the tongue.
"Eyes and tongue"
Children take a deep breath, raising their eyes up,at this time the language also rises. Then exhale, returning to the starting position. The same thing during the inspiration is done by the tongue and the eyes in all directions, including the diagonals.
This exercise can first be eased by applying only the movements of the eyes, then adding breath.
You need to take a pen or pencil in your right hand and draw a horizontal eight on a sheet of paper. The same to do with the left hand. After that, try to draw a drawing with both hands at once.
Against the background of rhythmic music, perform the followingactions: step on the spot with the accompaniment of each step with a wave of the hand. For example, when the left foot makes a step, the left hand, with the right, flaps both.
"Work of hands"
Not all kinesiological exercises forpreschoolers are light. Some tasks children can not perform, so work with hands comes to the aid of educators, speech therapists and psychologists. In addition, such actions develop a small motor skills of the hands, which means that more and more nervous connections are formed between different parts of the brain.
Exercise is that the child mustput a fist on the table, then put the palm of the hand, then put the palm on the surface. The task is handled alternately, then simultaneously.
The palms on the table perform movements: the right one lies (downward with the palm of the hand), the left one is compressed into a fist, then vice versa. With each change of hand position, the language moves to the right, to the left.
Tonus and relaxation
To ensure that the children are attuned to work and then after it have rested both emotionally and physically, there are special exercises.
Normalization of the tone: "Apples in the garden"
The child imagines that he is in the garden andtries to tear off a beautiful apple. To do this, he maximally stretches his hands when he "tears" the apple, takes a sharp breath and, bending down to the floor, puts the apple in the basket. Use your hands in turn, then together.
Kinesiological exercises for relaxation: "Cams"
Bend the thumbs in the palm of your hand, clench your fist. When the child breathes in, the jaws should be gradually squeezed to the maximum. At exhalation gradually to unclench a palm (up to 10 times).
"Ice and Fire"
The presenter commands: "Fire!", Children actively carry out various movements. During the team "Ice!", The child freezes, severely straining all his muscles. Repeat up to 8 times.
The benefits of kinesiological exercises
The benefits that these exercises bring,colossal. The child not only becomes smart, active, energetic and controlling himself, his speech and finger coordination improves. Kinesiological exercises in speech therapy, psychology, defectology, neuropsychology, pediatrics, and pedagogy are widely used. Such tasks not only develop nerve connections, but also amuse children, giving them pleasure.