Koch's wand is the worst enemy of man
Just over a hundred years ago, tuberculosiswas considered a disease that does not lend itself to any treatment. At that time, one epidemic of this disease could carry with it millions of lives, and depended not only on how strong its agent, but also the conditions in which people lived. In our time, the achievements of science have allowed to create not only effective methods of treatment, but also the prevention of this disease. A man has begun to overcome the disease since at the end of the nineteenth century Robert Koch discovered a bacterium - a causative agent of tuberculosis, which was named after the great scientist - Koch's wand.
Koch's wand causes many terriblediseases that can easily kill a person. The most common are pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculosis of lymph nodes. They develop primarily in those people who live in conditions that force their immunity to constantly resist this or that pathogenic microorganism. People who suffer from lack of vitamins, malnutrition usually suffer. Sometimes tuberculosis can begin after the transfer of an infection, for example, pneumonia, if the proper treatment has not been received.
It is noteworthy that in our day there isconsiderable risk of tuberculosis. This is due to the fact that Koch's stick is extremely resistant to a variety of factors that easily kill other microorganisms. The only thing that copes with this bacterium is the effect of high temperature, direct sunlight and substances containing chlorine. This survivability of the bacterium is due to its special structure. It is characterized by the presence of a special cellular structure - a capsule that protects the bacterium from most external influences.
Usually the causative agent of tuberculosis is transferredthrough the saliva or sputum of the patient, which enter the environment when coughing or sneezing. It is worth remembering that according to statistics, the incidence of various kinds of tuberculosis is about five percent. Therefore, it is not surprising that almost any public place can catch tuberculosis. In addition, in the body of each person there is a certain number of Koch sticks, which, however, can not develop due to the action of immunity. If they only get into favorable conditions for themselves, how the risk of their development will sharply increase.
An important role in the fight against tuberculosis in our timeplay a variety of preventive activities. This includes fluorography, which shows changes in lung tissue caused by infection, and a test for tuberculosis, which indicates the presence of pathogens in human biological fluids, or the Mantoux reaction, which, however, acts properly only in children.
Thus, in spite of the fact that Koch's wandis a formidable microorganism capable of destroying huge numbers of people, it can be resisted simply by following a set of rules: proper nutrition, a healthy lifestyle, minimal contact with tuberculosis patients and regular testing for infection.