The beginning of the Stakhanov movement, or the Grenadiers of communist labor
On the world map, perhaps, there is a single city, named after the worker - Stakhanov, Lugansk region. And next to it is the small village of Irmino, where the Tsentralnaya mine, famous for Soviet propaganda, was once located, on which Alexey Stakhanov performed his feats of labor. It was here that the beginning of the Stakhanov movement became one of the most mysterious epics of the times of industrialization and the first five-year plans. It would seem that everything is clear - with great enthusiasm and remarkable patriotism, the workers were picked up by the cry thrown by Alexei Stakhanov, the best coal mining figure. This was, as we are taught by Soviet historians, the beginning of the Stakhanov movement.
The secret mechanisms of industrial power of the USSR
But now everyone knows perfectly well that not a single undertaking in the Land of the Soviets was possible without the guiding and leading hand of the party and Comrade Stalin personally.And the best confirmation of this is that even Molotov without the detailed instructions and approval of the leader had no right to say a single word. And the beginning of the Stakhanov movement (year 1935) and the popular enthusiasm with which it was greeted caused considerable confusion. It is still not entirely clear how people, engaged, in essence, by slave-forced labor and consuming a miserable existence, could voluntarily take part in such a massive labor rally. And this was in a country where workers had no right to move from a company to a company, where for an unfulfilled plan, a ten-minute delay to work or one carelessly abandoned and ideologically unseasoned word, one could end his life in Stalin's camps. It is clear that all these draconian measures were necessary in the light of the feverish preparation of the Country of Soviets for the great war in which, according to the plan of the party leaders, they were to fight with the whole world. The beginning of the Stakhanov movement looks like a big phenomenon. The date of Alexey Stakhanov's labor achievement is August 31, 1935, and the events associated with it are well known to everyone.But was this a spontaneous start to popular enthusiasm?
Stakhanov's Record as a Path to a Bright Communist Future
The beginning of the Stakhanov movement, set by Alexei Stakhanov's record, marked the final stage of the preparatory activities on the eve of World War II. In principle, the events that occurred on August 31, 1935, at the Tsentralnaya mine in the village of Irmino, are well known and described in many sources. There is no need to repeat once again about the 102 tons of coal mined in one shift at a rate of seven. It is believed that the ideological inspirer of the record is the local secretary of the party committee K. Petrov. It is interesting that these events instantly acted as a kind of catalyst for national labor zeal and enthusiasm. The Stakhanov revolution was not supported by any economic theories or principles of production. In the best traditions of the Soviet state of the Stalin era, everything was based on popular enthusiasm and a forced-voluntary approach to work. And on such principles no one has built a socialist paradise. The beginning of the Stakhanov movement at the same time became the beginning of its collapse.
Equation with many unknowns
"In our country, on a par with the display of courage in battle and military prowess, the distinction on the labor front, the heroism of socialist labor, is appreciated." Such words were in the editorial of the newspaper Pravda of December 28, 1938. What kind of fight could there be if the country at that time, judging by the numerous assurances of Comrade Stalin and his faithful comrades-in-arms, was not going to fight anyone, even if at the beginning of the forty-first, people were brought to trial for only words about the imminent war with Germany ?! Or did the beginning of the Stakhanov movement aim to bring this fight closer? It is known for certain that Hitler’s confidence in the USSR’s unpreparedness for war was based on intelligence reports in the pre-war years that the production of toothbrushes and other consumer goods had greatly decreased in the country of victorious socialism. Of course, how can “poor Russians” be ready for war, even if they have nothing to brush their teeth with? So where was the labor enthusiasm of many Stakhanovists sent? Although there were not enough elementary household goods in the USSR, before the war, the T-34 and KV were already produced - tanks, which were equal in military characteristics to the Wehrmacht and did not appear in all the war years. Too many questions are kept by the history of the Stakhanov movement.Finally, I would like to note that the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, introduced in 1938, has not been appropriated to anyone for almost a year. In this era, probably labor heroism was a commonplace phenomenon. And then the first star of the hero behind the number 00001 was presented to the real socialist labor drummer, Comrade Stalin. Alexey Stakhanov himself was honored with this title only in 1970 year.