The story of I. S. Turgenev "Raspberry water": a brief summary
The writer I. S. Turgenev was an implacable opponent of serfdom. According to critics of the time, the book “Notes of a Hunter” became an “indictment” of serfdom. But the significance of these essays and stories is not limited to the destruction of the foundations of slavery in Russia. Full of deep meaning, they will forever remain works that are close to the heart of every Russian person. Not only feudalists, involuntary and powerless peasants stand before the reader’s eyes, but also magnificent paintings of Russian nature.
Stories and essays "Notes" were published from 1847 to 1851 in "Contemporary". Of the twenty-five, only three stories were written much later. The book "Hunter's Notes" was published in 1852. This edition was the reason for the arrest of the writer and his reference to the village for two years. In it, the author showed such aspects of the life of the people, which were out of sight of his predecessors.
Speaking of landowners, Turgenev does not exaggerate or does not fall into one-sidedness. Also, drawing images of peasants, he does not embellish their lives. According to critics, the author managed to create just such a character, which is found in reality. The writer relied on "vital data". As Turgenev himself wrote, his observations were taken from real life. He had seen enough of feudal law in childhood, observing the life of the peasants in his estate and the surrounding villages.
Turgenev is spoken of as the most enthusiastic poet of Russian nature. In the "Notes" she is depicted with extraordinary brightness. None of the Russian writers have such an abundance of amazing descriptions of nature. The landscape of Turgenev is magnificent. Against the backdrop of beautiful nature, the author with merciless truthfulness portrays the tyranny of the landlords and the wildness of their morals.
“Hunter’s Notes” is one of the most patriotic works of Russian literature. Twenty-five stories of the book are united by one idea and warmed by the author's hot love for the great Russian people. The anti-serfdom orientation of the “Notes” appears in those stories where the writer directly relates peasants and landlords.Among them is the story "Raspberry Water", a summary of which is in this article.
The story begins with the words of the author. In one of the August hot days, he happened to be on a hunt. Exhausted by the heat, he somehow reached the river Isty, on the bank of which he beat the key, known in the district as "Raspberry Water". In steps of twenty from the source, the key with a cheerful noise fell into the river. At the small bay two old men fished. In one of them, he recognized Steppe.
We continue the brief content of the “Raspberry water” description of the village of Shumikhino. There was a stone church in it, in front of which the manor's mansion with all its outbuildings, stables, baths, outbuildings for guests and greenhouses used to be. Everything went with the owners of this magnificence in its own order. But once the manor burned to the ground. Landlords moved to another nest. The ashes were turned into a vegetable garden, hastily made a hut there and settled a gardener with a family in it.
He supplied greens and vegetables to the master's table, his wife followed the living creatures. The author of the story happened a couple of times even to spend the night with them. It was there that he saw Steppek for the first time, which cannot be considered either as a yardman, but as a person in general.He did not receive any allowances, he did not have relatives, and no one knew about the existence of Stepushka. He did not even have a past.
It was rumored that he was in the valet. But who he is, where he came from, how he got to Shumikhino, nobody knew. Trofimych knew the lineage of all the serfs and somehow mentioned that Stepan was a relative of Turk, which the master brought from the march. Even on holidays, when it was customary to come to the exhibited treats and kiss the master's hand, Stepush did not go out.
Turgenev's story “Raspberry Water” continues with a description of Stepushka’s difficult life. In the summer, he lived behind the chicken coop, closer to the winter he moved to the waiting room, and in heavy frosts he hid in the hayloft. Stepushka was bothering from morning till night, and all just for the food. You look, he then nails a carnation, then he pulls a bucket, then a head of cabbage crumbles. If Stepushka leaves somewhere for a couple of days - no one notices his absence.
This very Stepushka was sitting now on the shore of the bay with another old man freed by the nickname Mist. He served the Count as a butler, and during his master's life he received his freedom. The huge two-story house of the count was difficult to miss.Now he stood abandoned, with boarded up windows and overgrown with grass. And once the owner of the estate was known to the whole district for its hospitality, it happened that almost the whole province came to visit him. But the Count kept himself and went looking for a place in Petersburg. So he died in a hotel.
We continue the summary of "Raspberry Water". The author approached the fishermen, greeted him and asked how he was doing. Mist smiled good-naturedly and stately, talked slowly and gently squinting his eyes. He advised that it was too hot and the fish pecked badly, asked if the master went on a hunt. And he began to remember how his master kept dogs and psarias. The count did not like to hunt, but did it for prestige.
He told the old man about the noble celebrations that were arranged by the count. Wigs, canes, snuffboxes, caftans, first-class cologne — I wrote everything out of Paris. About forty people, only musicians, were moving in. Until dawn the guests danced. Will set a banquet - fireworks, skating, firing from guns. Nobleman was a man, from St. Petersburg guests came to him.
A good man was a gentleman. Beat, it happened. Yes, soon too forgotten. One thing was bad: the owner kept the matresok. They ravaged him.And chose mistresses from the low class. It seemed that they lived for their pleasure. But no. Give them to Europe, but all that is there is the most expensive. One was remembered by itself, she charmed the count altogether: they called Akulina. “Oh, and she was furious. My nephew was shaved on my forehead for having dropped the heck on her dress, ”the old man recalled. “But still, it was a good time!” He added, and he fell silent.
The further plot of “Raspberry Water” unfolds on the shore of the bay, in the shade of a tree, under the crack of grasshoppers, where the interlocutors sat, crushed by heat. Suddenly there was a noise in the ravine and an elderly man appeared. The fog recognized him. Vlas approached and began to tell that he went to Moscow to the master, asked to slow down the rent. One can not cope with it, the son died. He lived in a cab, and he paid for his father. But drove the master Vlas. He was angry that he didn’t come directly to him.
The master was given him a rent of ninety-five rubles from the tax. All right, near Moscow. And here in the village, and the land is quite a bit. Is that the master forest. Vlas spoke with a grin, as if it were not about him. But his eyes glittered and his lips twitched. He wiped his face with his sleeve, as if sweating from the heat.The brief content of the “Raspberry Water” ends with the fact that the silent Stepushka became agitated, as if it were similar in his fate. On the other side, someone pulled a dull song. Sad Poor Vlas. Everyone fell silent and soon dispersed.