Viral angina - symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
Viral angina most often occurs as a result ofeffects on the organism of enterovirus infection, namely the Coxsackie virus. This disease spreads by airborne droplets. It has a contagious character. Therefore, the spread is a sudden outbreak, quickly embracing large groups of people. Viral angina is the greatest danger for preschool children, since they are most vulnerable to it.
Symptoms of the disease
The incubation period is 2-14 days. As a result,
determining the time and place of infection. The risk of transmission of infection persists for 5-7 days after incubation. It is important to make a diagnosis and start treatment in time to avoid the complications that may result from a viral sore throat. Symptoms of the disease are as follows:
- increased body temperature;
- general weakness;
- enlarged lymph nodes;
- the appearance of rashes on the mucous throat;
- swelling of the throat;
- pain during swallowing;
- muscle pain;
- pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, vomiting.
Diagnosis of the disease
Viral angina is diagnosed on the basis ofcomplaints of the patient and the results of his examination. A doctor can be assigned a number of studies. For example, taking blood to analyze the level of leukocytes. In addition, it is possible to conduct a smear from the mouth to evaluate the bacterial flora of the patient. These procedures are performed in order to establish an accurate diagnosis and a clear definition of the nature of the infection. Based on their results, the treatment course will be adjusted, which will help to defeat the disease in the shortest possible time and avoid serious complications.
Treatment of the disease
Viral tonsillitis requires an integrated approach. The patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition, it is necessary to use antiviral drugs to suppress the foci of infection. With fever, antipyretic drugs are used. From therapeutic procedures, a patient may be assigned ultraviolet irradiation. From the pain in the throat will help get rid of aerosol drugs. To rinse your throat, you can apply propolis or marigold extract. It is also important to consume a large amount of liquid - to drink tea, milk, jelly. Particularly worth emphasizing the useful qualities of jelly. It produces soft painkillersThe film covers the throat with a thin film. In food should eat more foods that contain protein and vitamin C. From the diet should be excluded from cold dishes, spicy seasonings or sauces. For the period of illness it is desirable to give up alcohol and smoking. It is necessary to provide the patient with continuous care for 4-6 days, which lasts a viral sore throat. Treatment should take place in conditions of constant observance of bed rest. In this case, the patient should be protected from contact with others as much as possible. Also, you need to provide him with some personal items, since angina is a contagious disease.