Visor above the door: photo options, how to do it yourself
The visor above the door plays an important role. It protects the building from the effects of snow and rain. He also complements the design of the house, which without it would not be complete. Today, there are many varieties of canopies, but if you decide to start making one of them yourself, then you need to get a closer look at the technology.
On sale you can find ready-made visors, if desired, you can order them from professionals. However, the canopy must meet certain requirements. First, the visor always protrudes beyond the porch by 0.5 m or more. This provides a higher degree of protection of materials from precipitation. Secondly, the canopy should be durable and windproof. He must have the ability to withstand the weight of snow. Thirdly, the visor in appearance must match the exterior.
Selection of the type of visor
Visor above the door on the design features can be a reference. In this case, the frame is fixed with the help of pillars. The second type is suspended visors, they are strengthened to the wall. The choice of material for such structures will depend on the characteristics of the visor. For example, its support variety can withstand a huge weight of snow. As for the suspended structures, they are made of such materials so that the snow on the surface does not accumulate.
The visor above the door can be further classified by form, such designs are:
- double slope;
Sheds are usually adjacent to the upper part of the house. If you want to build a single canopy, you can close the wall on one or both sides to ensure maximum wind protection.
The choice of material for the visor
Depending on which shape the canopy will have, you should choose a material. For example, for one-sided and two-sided visors, the following can be preferred:
- professional sheet;
- metal tile;
If the porch will have a more complex structure, then you can choose a soft tile or polycarbonate. These materials are able to make the canopy light and durable.In addition, the canopy will have a more attractive look. The stores are presented materials that have different colors, so the master can easily pick one that is in harmony with the interior of the house.
If you decide to install a visor above the door, then before installing the roof you need to sheathe the rafters with a crate. The canopy material is laid on the sheathing system, and a pitch of 300 mm should be observed. The system is equipped with waterproofing.
If the roof is soft, then the rafters should be laid in a continuous crate, use for this you need sheet material or slats that are tightly adjacent to each other. If desired, the canopy can be decorated with cast iron forging, applied elements or wood carving. This decor is implemented in finished form, as an alternative solution is its independent production.
Manufacturing technology shed visor suspended structure
The single-pitch suspended visor is a fairly easy and simple system. However, you can also choose the support version of the single-sided canopy. It is recommended to use a metal corner or wood for the frame, whereas a material similar to that usedwhat was used for the arrangement of the roof. Before you install the visor above the entrance door, you must determine the width of the porch, this figure must be added 30 cm on each side. As a result, the value of the width of the future canopy should be obtained.
The next step is to measure the distance in front of the entrance. It is important to determine the height of the canopy, which will depend on the structure. The inclination angle must be less than 20 ° C. The master will have to make metal or wooden rafters. Their length should be equal to the length of the slope. Need struts and beam. The design is assembled on screws, if you decide to use a wooden frame. The latter is strengthened above the porch, at this stage the beam is fixed above the entrance. Use for this you need screws.
The master needs to fasten the struts by applying anchors. When you install the visor above the door, the photo of which you can find in the article, you will need to lay the crate on the rafters. If the covering material is soft tile, the lathing is made of solid board or waterproof plywood. The material is laid on the rafters and fixed.At the final stage, a drainpipe is installed. If the visor is strengthened to a multi-layered wall, then it is fixed on the base layer with a stainless steel material. In those places where the struts and beams will be held, it is necessary to provide sealing in order to prevent the insulation from getting wet.
Manufacturing suspended gable visor
A more sophisticated design is a dual slope suspension. However, it will be more reliable with precipitation. In addition, this design is more rigid, it is better protected from the effects of wind. At the first stage, it is necessary to measure the doorway, following the procedure described above. The master will have to determine the dimensions of triangular brackets and battens, which will depend on the length of the canopy. The width and height will determine the dimensions of the rafters. In the next step, you need to perform two wooden or metal brackets, and then strengthen them to each other, installing perpendicular and reinforcing with a brace. Elements are mounted on the wall at the distance at which the visor is located in width.
Vertical beams are applied to the wall, their position is checked by level, the whole system is strengthened with screws.Having examined the photo of the visors above the entrance door, you can decide that the structure will be a supporting one. In this case, instead of brackets installed columns of metal or wood. At the right distance from each other, pits are dug out, at the bottom of each of them a sand cushion is created, which is covered with rubble. In the recesses are installed pillars and filled with concrete. From above they should be connected by bearing beams.
Method of work
From a cut board or wooden bars it is necessary to execute rafters. If the canopy is small, then two pairs are enough. The legs are fastened with bolts and fixed on the upper shelves of the brackets. Ridge bar will be located on top.
When doing a visor above the door with your own hands, it is necessary to place a plank or plywood crate over the rafters. Now you can strengthen the drainage hooks, making the roof and fixing it. The master needs to establish wind slats and a junction bar, which will provide protection from precipitation. The master should fix the eaves bar and drainpipe, having strengthened the construction with hooks.
The manufacture of polycarbonate visor arch forms
The simplest solution would be an arched polycarbonate visor. The frame for it is purchased in finished form. If you want to do this work yourself, then you need to measure the porch and determine the parameters of the frame. Next, a square tube or an aluminum tube must be bent in an arc. Two such arcs are interconnected by straight pipe segments at each end. If necessary, the rear can be welded beam.
When a visor is installed above the polycarbonate door, in the next step, awnings should be welded to the rear arc, with their help the structure will be fixed to the wall. The frame is painted, and after drying it must be installed above the porch and strengthened with screws. To him with the help of screws fixed polycarbonate. If such a structure is strengthened above the porch in a one-story house, the overhangs of the roof should cover the canopy by 20 cm or more. In this case, you exclude moisture from entering the place of fastener of the visor to the wall.
The most common canopy designs are polycarbonate systems, the foundation of which is made of forged elements. Under brick or stone houses are usually used metal roofs.Whereas wooden canopies are suitable for log houses, whose facades are equipped with wood decoration.
Features of the manufacture of forged visors
If you like the type of forged visors above the door, then their production should be entrusted to professionals. Such works are engaged in blacksmith workshops. In the role of material for the work of heavy-duty steel. The process is as follows. The billet is heated to maximum temperature. With the use of a hand tool or press, the product is shaped. Sometimes cold forging is also used, and the products do not heat up in advance. For shaping, methods of pressing, bending and welding are used. The disadvantage of such methods is the inability to use artistic techniques. At the same time, the volume of defects increases, it is difficult to correct errors on cold metal, or there is no possibility at all.
If you are thinking about how to make a visor above the door, then you must first familiarize yourself with the main varieties of such structures. Next, you should evaluate the budget, it will allow you to understand what material is better to use for work. It can be metal, wood and polycarbonate.
Using polycarbonate, you get a visor that will be different reliability, durability, practicality and durability. Such material will not make the appearance of the house "heavy." On the contrary, the design will look airy. Wood is often used for such works. It is easy to process, but it can rot over several years if it is not properly processed.