What are the types of speech?

Natalya Kosenko
Natalya Kosenko
January 27, 2015
What are the types of speech?

In order to express their attitude to what is written, to convey to readers information of a certain nature, writers use different types of speech. That is, the question What type of speech can be answered is that it is a way of presenting information, depending on the task set for it. Let us consider in more detail what are the types of speech on the content of the statement.

What are the types of speech in Russian?

Each of the existing types of speech has its own characteristics and carries a certain semantic load.


Description is a detailed literary display of any static objects, people or phenomena, listing their characteristics. For example, when describing a particular person, his age, height, behavior, gait, etc. are indicated. When describing a room, one should indicate its size, interior, and setting. The description of the landscape deals with such details as the presence of a reservoir, the number of trees, and seasonal features of the weather.Thus, the purpose of the description is to give the reader a clear idea of ​​the subject of the conversation.

The description can be used in text written in any style. What are the styles of text. For example, in the scientific or official business style the description will look more dry and concise, and in the artistic and colloquial - contain colorful details.


The type of speech with which the author reveals the course of events in a certain time sequence. A narrative story, as a rule, has a structure: the outset of the event, its development, denouement. It can be conducted on behalf of the author or a third person.

The expressiveness of the narration is achieved with the help of verbs:

  • The past tense verbs of the imperfect type make it possible to focus on any action, emphasizing its duration;
  • present tense verbs create an impression of the reality of the events being described;
  • Future verbs convey swift action.

The main task of the narrative is to convey the course of events to the reader visually and plausibly.


In the argument, the author seeks to state his thoughts about some thesis or event, to evaluate what is happening, to explain its causes and consequences.The story-reasoning consists of logically and grammatically interconnected parts: the thesis, its rationale or evidence and conclusion. A major role in the construction of sentences is played by introductory words, subordinate unions.

Borders between speech types are blurred enough. In the same text can be simultaneously several options.

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