What is an adjective?
At school, whether you study or in a higher education institution, one way or another, the Russian language is a must-have subject everywhere. The study of the Russian language includes the study of morphology. The adjective refers specifically to this field. In general, an adjective is a very pleasant part of speech, because it is with the help of adjectives that we can specifically describe our feelings and attitudes towards something or someone, with the help of them we make compliments and hear praise in our address. The adjective applies concreteness, accuracy, figurativeness to the basic thought.
What does the adjective mean?
One day, the teacher will decide to ask you what the adjective is, and you don’t know what an adjective is. And then in the school magazine will appear graceful "swan". Since we do not need swans in the magazine, we suggest you to get acquainted with this part of speech more carefully.
The adjective - the significant part of speech, which designates the sign of the subject, answers the questions: what ?, what?, Whose? All these questions can be presented in the male, female and middle childbirth, in the singular and plural numbers. Examples: white elephant, a handsome man, mother's skirt.
In the sentence, the adjective performs the function of determining whether the predicate or subject. Example: "There was a big dog on the floor." Here "big" is the definition. Example: "Beautiful entered the room." Here "beautiful" is subject. Example: "He was weak." Here "weak" is predicate.
Adjectives are divided into 3 categories:
- Qualitative - independent adjectives that answer the questions which ?, which ?, which?, which? They have a full and short form, combined with the word "very": very clever. They can be repeated: smart-smart. Can form single words with the prefix "not": unintelligent. They have a comparative and superlative degree: smarter, smartest, etc.
- relative adjectives express the relation to the material, time, space - wooden, have no degrees of comparison, rarely combine with the word "very", do not have antonyms.
- possessive adjectives indicate belonging to someone or something and answer the questions: whose ?, whose?, whose?, whose?
But sometimes the boundaries of discharges can move: fish tail (possessive), fish soup (relative), etc.
Adjectives have a case, gender, number, short form and degrees of comparison.
Case Declination Example
I.p. angry eye,
Rp evil eyes
DP to the evil eye
Vp angry eye,
Tp with an evil eye
Pp about the evil eye.
Example of declination by birth
Mr evil eye (what?),
J.R. wicked grandmother (what?),
Avg evil word (what?).
Declination example by numbers
Units - evil person,
Plural - evil people.
Short form of adjectives
Now a little more about what a short adjective is. The short form of the adjective answers the questions: what is? what is what is what are the? and in the sentence perform the function of the predicate. For example: "The jacket on it was (what?) Dirty".
- Not all qualitative adjectives can have a short form, for example: skillful, advanced, brown, etc.
- Some adjectives have a dual form of brevity: natural - natural, intrinsic - intrinsic.
Degrees of comparison of adjectives
- Positive degree (example)
- Comparative degree is simple
- Greener (s)
- Comparative Composite Degree
- More green
- Less brave
- Superior degree
- The greenest
- The bravest
- Least bold
So, we learned that adjectives have five steppes:
- positive degree
- comparative degree: comparative simple and comparative composite.
- superlative: superb simple and superb composite.
Use adjectives more often, they make our speech brighter and more interesting.