What kind of phraseology can be chosen for the word "heat"?
In any agrarian society the weather plays a decisiverole. After all, it directly depends on how rich the harvest will be, hence, a successful life before the new one (the next harvest). Heat is not the most successful state of nature for farmers, because it is dry, and "without rain and grass does not grow." Therefore, one of the synonyms for the word "heat" is "hell." Suppose that such a phenomenon of nature due to its importance should be reflected in the Russian language by a large number of phraseological units. Is it so? Let's try to find phraseological units to the word "heat".
What is phraseology?
What is phraseology, it is known with the schoolbenches. It is much more interesting to understand what phraseological means of language are united under the general concept. Moreover, it may help in our search.
- Phraseological unity, fusion, indivisible expressions: "median eyelids", "alpha and omega".
- Steady turns, which can be divided, retaining the semantic meaning: "Indian summer", "grandmother's tales."
- A combination phraseologically related, and a word with a free meaning: "to beat about / like a fish on the ice."
- Cliché, semantically separable words, proverbs and winged phrases: "saucer with a golden edge."
The origin and meaning of the word "heat"
This word is derived from the pre-Slavonic wordthe heat associated with the ancient Indian "flame", originally designated burning coals and gradually, in terms of the quality of the impact on the environment, it was also called hot air, which emanated from coals and other sources of heat, including the sun. Later the word "fever" began to denote and elevated body temperature.
Heat - heated air from any source, heat. In a modern, slang term is a tense and unpredictable situation.
If you refer to dictionaries, referenceliterature, both on paper and on the Internet, it will be found that such an unfavorable weather forecast as heat, strangely enough, is poorly represented in folk word-making: there are practically no phraseologicalisms to this word. Why? The fact is that most of the phraseological units in the Russian language characterize personal qualities, situations directly related to man.
Try to find at least one phraseology to the word "heat".
There are three main commonly used expressions in which the given word is presented in its initial form, they can be called stable turns:
- the heat subsides / intensifies.
In addition, as a phraseology to the word "heat" can bebring the expression "infernal heat" (very strong). This is the paraphrase of the biblical expression "burn in fire unquenchable." The synonymous connection between the word of interest to us and the hell-fire began when the phraseology appeared.
By the way, the "heat" before the 20th century could be in the plural. And the ladies on hot days, fanning their wings fanatically, said languidly: "Oh, what heat the impossible happened today."
Stable combinations using the word "heat" in foreign languages
Let's look further, maybe in foreignlanguages, phraseology with the word heat is more common? Since one can not embrace the immensity, we will focus our attention on the language of interethnic communication and Greek, since expressions from Greek mythology have become phraseological in many countries of the world.
- take the heat (listen to criticism about yourself, correspond to the Russian phraseology "get nagging");
- heat under the collar (bursting with anger);
- if you can not tolerate the heat, leave the kitchen (took hold of the ridge - do not say that it is not dumb).
"Dog fever" - Greek phraseology,meaning very strong heat (not the same as "dog cold"). Expression appeared in the vocabulary of the Greeks thanks to the myth of the death of the shepherd Ikaria. After the shepherd died, the god Dionysus turned the shepherd dog into the constellation of the Great Dog and placed it on the sky. The main star of the constellation was called Sirius. Constellation it appears on the Greek sky in the hottest period of summer. Naturally, the ancients attributed it to his appearance with the intensification of the sun.
It is also a conclusion. Sometimes it is difficult to choose phraseology. By the word "heat" it was possible to select not so many stable expressions. But for the word "hand", for example, there are about 50 of them.