When did the Great Patriotic War begin?
The preparation of military operations on the territory of the USSR was carried out by the German government long before the Great Patriotic War began. Back in 1940, the Wehrmacht developed the Barbarossa plan, which provided for the seizure of the territory of the USSR from the western territories to the Ural mountains. Thus, Germany was counting on depriving the Soviet people of the industrial potential — of all the plants and factories that were located here, as well as of the sources of oil located at that time on the shore of the Caspian Sea. Hitler, together with the Reich generals, planned to carry out this plan in three, maximum four months, until the Russian frost began, which the Germans were most afraid of.
Sunday morning of June, when the Great Patriotic War began, it is impossible to forget the people who survived that day. At 4 o'clock in the morning on June 22, 1941, having received a command from Berlin, the German aircraft (Luftwaffe) began bombing cities,an hour later, the German land forces simultaneously attacked the border areas in many directions.
Immediately the Germans realized that it would be extremely difficult for them to carry out their plan. So, only the Brest Fortress, which took several hours to capture, was able to hold out for more than twenty-nine days. Among all the battles of this war, the most significant were the defense of Moscow, the Battle of Kursk, the Battle of Stalingrad, the Belarusian operation, the Berlin operation, and many others. Total war lasted 1418 days. About 41 million citizens of the USSR participated in the war. The death toll is not exactly determined today. Different sources provide different information - from thirteen to forty million people among the military and civilians.
May 9, 1945 the German command was signed by the act of cessation of hostilities. It was an unconditional surrender. Date May 9, 1945 in the CIS countries declared holiday - Victory Day.